- July 7, 2023
- Posted by: romanceresnak
- Category: Infrastructure
HashiCorp created the open-source infrastructure as code (IaC) tool known as Terraform. You may define, deploy, and manage infrastructure resources across several cloud service providers, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, and others. To specify the desired state of your infrastructure, Terraform uses a declarative language called HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL) or HashiCorp Configuration Language version 2 (HCL2).
Important characteristics and elements of Terraform include:
- Configuration Files: Terraform employs configuration files, often with the suffix *.tf, to specify the configurations of your infrastructure resources. These files outline the infrastructure’s ideal condition, including the resources that need to be provisioned, their characteristics, and any dependencies or connections.
- Providers: Through provider plugins, Terraform supports a range of cloud providers and services. Each cloud provider plugin provides resource types and related APIs for communicating with that cloud provider. AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, among many others, are providers.
- Resources: Within your configuration files for Terraform, you can define resources. The infrastructure parts you want to deploy and manage are called resources, and they include things like virtual machines, storage buckets, databases, load balancers, networks, and more. The specific attributes of each resource can be customized within the Terraform setup.
- State management: Terraform keeps track of the present condition of your infrastructure in a state file. The resources that Terraform manages, together with their dependencies and metadata, are tracked in the state file. By doing this, you can be certain that Terraform can monitor and manage changes to your infrastructure over time.
- Execution Plans: Terraform creates an execution plan outlining the steps it will follow before making modifications to your infrastructure. A list of the resources that will be added, changed, or eliminated is included in the plan. It makes sure you have a thorough understanding of the infrastructure alterations before implementing them and aids in your understanding of the effects of changes.
- Infrastructure Updates: Terraform enables you to modify the configuration files to make changes to your infrastructure. Terraform compares the desired state specified in the configuration files with the current state noted in the state file when you run terraform apply. It then makes the required adjustments to get the infrastructure to where it needs to be.
- Terraform’s reusable modules help to enable modularity. A specified set of resources or infrastructure components can be provisioned using modules, which are self-contained setups. Modules make it possible to reuse code, improve maintainability, and create intricate infrastructure systems.
- Third-Party Integrations: Terraform integrates with a wide range of applications and services, including infrastructure management platforms like Terraform Cloud and Terraform Enterprise, continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines like Jenkins, and version control systems like Git. Workflows for collaborative, automated, and scalable infrastructure management are made possible by these connectors.
A scalable and cloud-independent method of managing and provisioning infrastructure is offered by Terraform. Terraform is a well-liked option among developers and operators due to its declarative syntax, multi-cloud compatibility, modular design, and large ecosystem, which makes it easier to define and manage infrastructure resources.