Difference Between AWS Direct Connect Technology and AWS VPN Connection Technology
- July 6, 2023
- Posted by: romanceresnak
- Category: AWS
AWS Direct Connect and AWS VPN Connection are two distinct technologies used for establishing network connectivity between on-premises environments and the AWS cloud. Here is a deep detail comparison of the technologies used in AWS Direct Connect and AWS VPN Connection:
AWS Direct Connect Technology:
- Physical Connectivity: AWS Direct Connect utilizes physical connectivity to establish a dedicated connection between the customer’s network and AWS. It involves the use of physical Ethernet links, which can be copper or fiber, depending on the chosen link speed and partner capabilities.
- Private Network Connection: Direct Connect provides a private network connection that bypasses the public internet. It ensures a dedicated, isolated network path between the customer’s network and the AWS services.
- Direct Connect Partners and Colocation Facilities: Customers can leverage the services of Direct Connect partners or colocate their equipment in a Direct Connect location to establish the physical connection. Direct Connect partners offer connectivity options in various regions and provide the necessary network infrastructure.
- Link Speeds and Capacity: AWS Direct Connect supports various link speeds, including 1 Gbps, 10 Gbps, and even 100 Gbps for dedicated connections. The available link speeds depend on the partner’s infrastructure and capabilities. Higher link speeds allow for increased capacity and faster data transfers.
- Redundancy and Availability: AWS Direct Connect can be configured with redundant connections to ensure high availability and fault tolerance. Redundancy can be achieved by establishing connections to different Direct Connect locations or by using multiple virtual interfaces within the same location.
- Direct Peering with AWS Services: Direct Connect allows customers to establish direct peering connections with other AWS services, such as Amazon S3, Amazon DynamoDB, or Amazon Elastic File System (EFS). This enables direct, private connectivity to specific AWS resources without going through the public internet.
AWS VPN Connection Technology:
- Virtual Private Network (VPN): AWS VPN Connection establishes a VPN tunnel over the public internet between the customer’s network and the AWS VPC. It utilizes standard VPN protocols, such as IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) or OpenVPN, to create a secure and encrypted communication channel.
- Internet-Based Connectivity: VPN Connection utilizes the existing internet connectivity of the customer’s network to establish the VPN tunnel. It relies on the public internet infrastructure, and the data is encapsulated and encrypted within the VPN tunnel for secure transmission.
- AWS VPN Gateway: AWS VPN Connection leverages AWS VPN Gateways, which are highly available and scalable components provided by AWS. The VPN gateway acts as the endpoint for the VPN tunnels on the AWS side.
- Multiple VPN Connections: VPN Connection allows the establishment of multiple VPN connections to the same VPC or different VPCs. This flexibility enables connectivity for multiple on-premises networks or remote users simultaneously.
- VPN Protocols and Encryption: VPN Connection supports industry-standard VPN protocols such as IPsec and OpenVPN. These protocols ensure secure communication over the public internet by encrypting the data within the VPN tunnel.
- VPN Configuration: Configuring AWS VPN Connection involves setting up VPN tunnels, defining security associations, and establishing routing between the on-premises network and the AWS VPC. Both the customer’s network and the AWS side require appropriate configuration for the VPN connection to function properly.
In summary, AWS Direct Connect technology utilizes physical connectivity and dedicated links to establish a private network connection that bypasses the public internet. It provides high-speed, low-latency, and secure communication between the customer’s network and AWS. AWS VPN Connection technology, on the other hand, relies on virtual private network (VPN) tunnels over the public internet to establish connectivity between the customer’s network and the AWS VPC. It offers flexibility, scalability, and secure communication, but with